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Orton-Gillingham and Phonological Processing

About Orton-Gillingham:

The Orton-Gillingham (OG) approach is a time-tested, structured, and multisensory method specifically designed for individuals struggling with dyslexia and other language-based reading challenges. Developed by Dr. Samuel Orton and educator Anna Gillingham, this approach has proven to be highly effective in building strong foundations for reading and spelling.


About Phonological Processing:

Phonological processing refers to the ability to recognize and manipulate the sounds of spoken language. It involves several sub-skills, including phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, and phonological memory. These skills collectively enable individuals to break down spoken words into smaller units, such as syllables and phonemes, and manipulate these units mentally.

The Building Blocks of Reading

Phonological Awareness:

Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize and manipulate the larger sound structures of language, such as words, syllables, and onset-rime. Developing this skill is a crucial precursor to decoding written words. Activities like rhyming, segmenting, and blending sounds enhance phonological awareness and contribute to a strong foundation for reading.


Phonemic Awareness:

At a more granular level, phonemic awareness involves manipulating individual phonemes, the smallest units of sound in a language. Proficiency in recognizing and manipulating phonemes correlates strongly with successful reading acquisition. Phonemic awareness activities, like isolating and substituting sounds, help learners fine-tune their ability to decode written words.


Phonological Memory:

Phonological memory is the capacity to hold and manipulate phonological information in short-term memory. This skill is vital for remembering and processing the sounds of spoken language, which, in turn, aids in decoding and comprehending written text.

The Bridge to Reading Proficiency:

Decoding Skills:

Phonological processing is the key to unlocking decoding skills—the ability to translate written symbols (letters) into their corresponding sounds. Proficient decoders can effortlessly navigate the printed word, making the transition from recognizing individual letters to reading whole words more seamless.


Spelling and Writing:

A robust foundation in phonological processing not only facilitates reading but also lays the groundwork for spelling and writing. Individuals with well-developed phonological skills are better equipped to encode spoken language into written form, enhancing their overall language proficiency.


Fluency and Comprehension:

As learners progress, phonological processing contributes to reading fluency—the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and expression. Moreover, it plays a crucial role in comprehension, as a solid grasp of phonological structures aids in making connections between spoken and written language, fostering a deeper understanding of text.


Why Choose Language-Based Reading Therapy with Our Orton-Gillingham Trained Speech-Language Pathologist to work with your child?


Tailored Approach:

We recognize that every individual is unique, and our therapy sessions are customized to meet the specific needs of each child. Through personalized assessments, we identify areas of struggle and the underlying cause for the difficulty and create a targeted plan to build essential reading and language skills.


Multisensory Techniques:

Orton-Gillingham employs multisensory techniques, engaging visual, auditory, and kinesthetic pathways simultaneously. This proven method helps reinforce learning and creates lasting connections in the brain, promoting improved reading and language skills.


Structured and Sequential:

The OG approach breaks down the reading process into manageable components, allowing your child to master each skill before progressing to the next. This structured and sequential method builds confidence and competence step by step.


Positive and Supportive Environment:

Our Speech-Language Pathologist fosters a positive and supportive atmosphere, encouraging a love for learning and reading. Building self-esteem is a crucial aspect of our therapy, as we believe a confident reader is a successful reader.

What to expect

Comprehensive Language Assessment:

Our journey begins with a thorough assessment of your child's reading, phonological and language skills, allowing us to pinpoint areas that need attention.


Personalized Intervention:

Based on the assessment, we design a tailored intervention plan to address your child's specific challenges, ensuring a focused and effective approach.


Engaging Sessions:

Therapy sessions are interactive, utilizing a variety of activities and materials to keep your child engaged while reinforcing essential skills.

Phonological Processing